Crawling cache agent free ip, build its own agent ip pool, no longer afraid of anti crawling (with code)

Posted by phpfreak on Sat, 25 Apr 2020 09:53:12 +0200

In the process of doing crawler, we often encounter the following situations: at first, the crawler runs normally and grabs data normally, but the effort of a cup of tea may make mistakes, such as 403 Forbidden; at this time, the web page may appear the prompt of "your IP access frequency is too high", which may be unsealed after a long time, but this situation will appear later.

So we use some way to camouflage the local IP so that the server cannot recognize the request initiated by the local computer, so that we can successfully prevent the IP from being blocked. So proxy IP is in use.

General thinking of reptiles

1. Determine the url path to crawl, and the headers parameter

2. Send request -- requests simulate browser to send request and get response data

3. Parse data -- parsel is converted to Selector object, which has xpath method and can process the converted data

4. Save data

[environment introduction]:

python 3.6




The code is as follows:

import requests
import parsel
import time

def check_ip(proxies_list):
    """Testing ip Method of"""
    headers = {'User-Agent': 'Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/79.0.3945.79 Safari/537.36'}

    can_use = []
    for proxy in proxies_list:
            response = requests.get('', headers=headers, proxies=proxy, timeout=0.1)  # Over reporting error
            if response.status_code == 200:
        except Exception as error:
    return can_use
import requests
import parsel

# 1,Determine the climbing url route, headers parameter
base_url = ''
headers = {'User-Agent': 'Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/79.0.3945.79 Safari/537.36'}

# 2,Send request -- requests Simulate browser to send request and get response data
response = requests.get(base_url, headers=headers)
data = response.text
# print(data)

# 3,Parse data -- parsel  Convert to Selector Object, Selector Object has xpath It can process the transformed data
# 3,1 Transformation python Interactive data types
html_data = parsel.Selector(data)
# 3,2 Parse data
parse_list = html_data.xpath('//table[@class="table table-bordered table-striped"]/tbody/tr') # Return Selector object
# print(parse_list)

# Free Admission IP  {"Agreement":"IP:port"}
# Loop traversal, secondary extraction
proxies_list = []
for tr in parse_list:
    proxies_dict = {}
    http_type = tr.xpath('./td[4]/text()').extract_first()
    ip_num = tr.xpath('./td[1]/text()').extract_first()
    port_num = tr.xpath('./td[2]/text()').extract_first()
    # print(http_type, ip_num, port_num)

    # Build agent ip Dictionaries
    proxies_dict[http_type] = ip_num + ':' + port_num
    # print(proxies_dict)

print("Agent obtained ip number:", len(proxies_list), 'individual')


Call ip

# Detection agent ip usability
can_use = check_ip(proxies_list)
print("Available agents:", can_use)
print("Number of agents available:", len(can_use))


The effect is as follows:


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Topics: Python Windows Pycharm