Build mysql5 in CentOS 7.5 Intranet environment seven point three six

Posted by Navajo on Mon, 21 Feb 2022 07:34:48 +0100

1, Configure local yum source

For Intranet environment, first configure the local yum source to solve the dependent installation of MySQL. For details, refer to this article: Click Open

2, View server environment

cat /etc/redhat-release

III. go to the official website to download mysql installation package Click Open

(1) Select version 5.7.36 and download it directly

 IV. installing mysql

(1) Upload the installation package to the server

Upload to / home with ftp tool

(2) Check whether mysql has been installed before

Before installation, you can check whether there is any previous installation. If so, uninstall it. If there is data before, remember to uninstall it after backup

find / -type f -name "mysql*" 

/etc/my.cnf this file, if any, should also be deleted. Generally, this file exists only when mariadb exists in the system. You can uninstall mariadb.

(3) Uninstall mariadb

1. View the current installation list

rpm -qa | grep mariadb

2. Unloading

rpm -e --nodeps mariadb-libs-5.5.56-2.el7.x86_64

3. Check whether the uninstallation is clean. You can see that there is no list

(4) unzip the installation package

tar -xvf mysql-5.7.36-linux-glibc2.12-x86_64.tar.gz

(5) move the unzipped package to / usr/local/

mv mysql-5.7.36-linux-glibc2.12-x86_64 /usr/local/

(6) change the name of the decompression package to mysql

cd /usr/local
mv mysql-5.7.36-linux-glibc2.12-x86_64 mysql

(7) Create MySQL files and change permissions

This directory is for the convenience of using the system variable value secure_file_priv, but before that, you need to create user groups.

groupadd mysql //Create mysql group
useradd -g mysql mysql //Create mysql user and add to mysql group

Then again


#create folder
 mkdir -p /usr/local/mysql/mysql-files
#Modify account permissions: make the mysql account accessible

 chown -R mysql:mysql /usr/local/mysql/mysql-files
#Modify operation permission
 chmod 750 /usr/local/mysql/mysql-files

(8) Initialize


bin/mysqld --initialize --user=mysql

However, if the dependent package is missing, the following error will be reported:

Can run

yum -y install libaio

Then install it.  

Then proceed

bin/mysqld --initialize --user=mysql

Here you can see that the initial password of mysql root is: 7w_sZ3qobQ:9 


(9) Start


bin/mysqld_safe --user=mysql &

#View mysqld process
ps aux | grep mysqld


To stop and start, you can directly kill the process.

5, Make mysql into a service

If we want to use the service command to start or stop mysql, and the result is an error, we need to configure it

service mysql start

(1) copy the service to / etc / init D / contents

cp /usr/local/mysql/support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysql

(2) set operation authority

cd /etc/init.d/

chmod +x /etc/init.d/mysql

(3) Start the test with service

service mysql start

Vi. add mysql service to the startup self startup item

(1) Check whether the startup item is added


chkconfig --list mysql


(2) add the start-up item

chkconfig --add mysql


VII. Soft connection configuration

(1) Set up soft connection

When we use mysql -uroot -p to enter mysql, we find an error bash: mysql: command not found


This is because the system will find the command in / usr/bin by default. If the command is not in this directory, we can't find the command. What we need to do is map a link to / usr/bin directory, which is equivalent to establishing a link file (we call it soft connection).

To make a soft connection, we must first find the full path of the mysql command or the mysql admin command. Our path here is: / usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql

ln -s /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql /usr/bin

(2) Login to mysql

After setting, log in locally

mysql -uroot -p


8, Change password

I modify it here as: 111111

flush privileges;

(2) test the new password


mysql -uroot -p

IX. open remote authorization

(1) Authorization


(2) Remote login authentication

Use navicat client tool to successfully log in remotely.

Topics: Linux MySQL CentOS server