CentOS 8 installation configuration DNS server

Posted by mispris006 on Sun, 09 Jan 2022 13:13:04 +0100

What is DNS

The information transmission of computers in local area network is based on IP address to identify identity, and it is also completed through IP address in the Internet. DNS just came into being. In order to reduce the threshold for users to access the network. This is a technology used to manage and resolve the correspondence between domain name and IP address. In short, it can accept the domain name or IP address entered by the user, and then automatically find the matching (or mapping) IP address or domain name, that is, the domain name is resolved to IP address (forward resolution), or the IP address is resolved to domain name (reverse resolution). In this way, we only need to enter the domain name in the browser to open the website we want to visit. The forward resolution of DNS domain name resolution technology is also one of the most commonly used working modes.
DNS three profile lists
The main configuration file (/ etc/named.conf): there are only 58 lines, and after removing the comment information and empty lines, the actual valid parameters are only about 30 lines. These parameters are used to define the operation of the bind service program.
Zone configuration file (/ etc/named.rfc1912.zones): used to save the location of the corresponding relationship between domain name and IP address. Similar to the directory of books, it corresponds to the specific location of each domain and corresponding IP address. When you need to view or modify, you can find relevant files according to this location.
Data configuration file directory (/ var/named): this directory is used to save the data configuration file of the real correspondence between domain name and IP address.

Install DNS server

!!! Note that the comments in the article should not appear in the configuration file to prevent errors

yum install bind  //Install DNS service; yum install bind / / install DNS service;
yum install bind-utils   //Install nslookup tool

Edit named Conf configuration file

vim /etc/named.conf

        listen-on port 53 {; };      //newly added
        listen-on port 53 { any; };       //newly added
        //listen-on-v6 port 53 { ::1; };   // Comment out the original
        directory       "/var/named";       //Defines the directory location of the forward and reverse configuration files
        dump-file       "/var/named/data/cache_dump.db";
        statistics-file "/var/named/data/named_stats.txt";
        memstatistics-file "/var/named/data/named_mem_stats.txt";
        secroots-file   "/var/named/data/named.secroots";
        recursing-file  "/var/named/data/named.recursing";
        //allow-query     { localhost; };      // Comment out the original
        allow-query     { any;};     //newly added

Check for syntax errors

named-checkconf   #If an error is reported, modify the error according to the specific number of error lines
Writing a forward resolution profile
cd /var/named/
vim zut.com.zone
@	IN SOA	@ rname.invalid. (
					0	; serial
					1D	; refresh
					1H	; retry
					1W	; expire
					3H )	; minimum
	NS	@
	A           //Add A record for native IP
www	A    //Add A record of WWW, i.e. www.zut com
	AAAA	::1
Writing a reverse resolution configuration file
cd /var/named/
vim zut.com.local
@       IN SOA  @ rname.invalid. (
                                        0       ; serial
                                        1D      ; refresh
                                        1H      ; retry
                                        1W      ; expire
                                        3H )    ; minimum
        NS      @
        AAAA    ::1
157     PTR     www.zut.com

Edit server profile

vim /etc/named.rfc1912.zones

Add "forward" and "reverse" configurations at the end of the file,

//Forward zone configuration
zone "zut.com"IN {
        type master;
        file "zut.com.zone"; 
//Reverse zone configuration
zone "135.168.192.in-addr.arpa"IN{
        type master;
        file "zut.com.local"; 

Restart DNS server

systemctl restart named


We use another linux as the client and the configured DNS server as its DNS server (note that the two hosts should be on the same virtual network card)

vim /etc/resolv.conf

nslookup www.zut.com  Forward test successful

Reverse test

nslookup www.zut.com forward test succeeded

Reverse test
Reference article: https://blog.csdn.net/litiammmm/article/details/111685169

Topics: Linux Operation & Maintenance server