A large collection of GNU and open source tools that provide features similar to Linux distributions on Windows
DLL (cygwin1.dll), which provides a large number of POSIX API functions.
Cygwin is not
A method of running a local Linux Application on Windows. If you want the application to run on Windows, you must rebuild the application from source.
A magic way to make native Windows applications know UNIX ∈ functions (such as signals, ptys, etc.). Again, if you want to take advantage of Cygwin's capabilities, you need to build the application from source.
Remember that the individual packages in the distribution are updated separately from the DLLs, so the Cygwin DLL version is not useful for the general Cygwin distribution number.
Domestic source address
- China University of science and technology http://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/cygwin/
When selecting a site during installation, you must add your own domestic source, otherwise the download will be slow. Sohu is recommended
Install the third-party package management tool apt Cyg
wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/transcode-open/apt-cyg/master/apt-cyg mv apt-cyg /bin/apt-cyg chmod +x /bin/apt-cyg apt-cyg mirror http://mirrors.sohu.com/cygwin/
install Install package(s). remove Remove package(s) from the system. update Download a fresh copy of the master package list (setup.ini) from the server defined in setup.rc. download Retrieve package(s) from the server, but do not install/upgrade anything. show Display information on given package(s). depends Produce a dependency tree for a package. rdepends Produce a tree of packages that depend on the named package. list Search each locally-installed package for names that match regexp. If no package names are provided in the command line, all installed packages will be queried. listall This will search each package in the master package list (setup.ini) for names that match regexp. category Display all packages that are members of a named category. listfiles List all files owned by a given package. Multiple packages can be specified on the command line. search Search for downloaded packages that own the specified file(s). The path can be relative or absolute, and one or more files can be specified. searchall Search cygwin.com to retrieve file information about packages. The provided target is considered to be a filename and searchall will return the package(s) which contain this file.
Install build environment
apt-cyg install gcc-core gcc-g++ gdb make autoconf automake libboost-devel
Install system management tools
apt-cyg install openssh openssl binutils util-linux bash-completion procps inetutils bind-utils
Install common tools
apt-cyg install git wget curl vim tree
apt-cyg install python python-ipython python-pip python-setuptools apt-cyg install python3 python3-ipython python3-pip python3-setuptools #pip configuration mkdir ~/.pip touch ~/.pip/pip.conf echo -e "[global]\nindex-url = https://pypi.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/simple" > ~/.pip/pip.conf python -m pip install --upgrade pip pip install ipython #Syntax check pip install --user flake8 #Automatic code prompt pip install --user jedi #Auto import module pip install --user isort #Code formatting pip install --user yapf
Installation help manual
apt-cyg install help2man man-db man-pages-posix
apt-cyg install zsh sh -c "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/robbyrussell/oh-my-zsh/master/tools/install.sh)"
npm config set registry https://registry.npm.taobao.org npm i -g tldr tldr --update npm i -g cnpm --registry=https://registry.npm.taobao.org npm i -g yarn yarn config set registry https://registry.npm.taobao.org
wget -qO- https://raw.github.com/ma6174/vim/master/setup.sh | sh -x