Front end 15 elegant JavaScript skills

Posted by jennatar77 on Wed, 13 Oct 2021 03:02:43 +0200

1. Conditionally add attributes to objects

We can use the expansion symbol (...) to conditionally and quickly add properties to JS objects.

const condition = true;
const person = {
  id: 1,
  name: 'John Doe',
  ...(condition && { age: 16 }),

If the value of each operand is   true, then  &&  Operator returns the last evaluated expression. Therefore, an object {age: 16} is returned and extended as part of the person object.

If   condition   by   false, JavaScript will do such things:

const person = {
  id: 1,
  name: 'songshu',
// Expanding 'false' has no effect on the object
console.log(person); // { id: 1, name: 'John Doe' }

2. Check whether the attribute exists in the object

have access to   in   Keyword to check whether a property exists in the JavaScript object.

const person = { name: 'songshu', salary: 1000 };
console.log('salary' in person); // true
console.log('age' in person); // false

3. Dynamic attribute name in object

Setting object properties using dynamic keys is simple. Just use ['key name '] to add attributes:

const dynamic = 'flavour';
var item = {
  name: 'songshu',
  [dynamic]: 'Chocolates'
console.log(item); // {Name: 'Songshu', flavor: 'chocolate'}

The same technique can be used to reference object properties using dynamic keys:

const keyName = 'name';
console.log(item[keyName]); // returns 'songshu'

4. Use dynamic keys to deconstruct objects

We know that in object deconstruction, you can use  :  To rename the deconstructed attribute. However, do you know that when the key name is dynamic, you can also deconstruct the properties of the object?

const person = { id: 1, name: 'songshu' };
const { name: personName } = person;
console.log(personName); // 'songshu'

Now we use dynamic keys to deconstruct attributes:

const templates = {
  'hello': 'Hello there',
  'bye': 'Good bye'
const templateName = 'bye';

const { [templateName]: template } = templates;

console.log(template); // Good bye

5. Null value consolidation  ??  Operator

When we want to check whether a variable is   null   or   undefined   When,?? Operators are useful. When its left operand is null   or   When undefined, it returns the operand on the right, otherwise it returns the operand on the left.

const foo = null ?? 'Hello';
console.log(foo); // 'Hello'

const bar = 'Not null' ?? 'Hello';
console.log(bar); // 'Not null'

const baz = 0 ?? 'Hello';
console.log(baz); // 0

In the third example, return   0, because even   0   It is considered false in JS, but it is not null or undefined. You may think we can use the 𞓜 operator, but there is a difference between the two

You may think we can use it here  ||  Operator, but there is a difference between the two.

const cannotBeZero = 0 || 5;
console.log(cannotBeZero); // 5

const canBeZero = 0 ?? 5;
console.log(canBeZero); // 0

6. Optional chain  ?.

Do we often encounter such mistakes:   TypeError: Cannot read property ‘foo’ of null. This is an annoying problem for every developer. The introduction of optional chain is to solve this problem. Let's see:

const book = { id:1, title: 'Title', author: null };

// Usually, you do
console.log( // throws error
console.log( &&; // null

// Use optional chain
console.log(; // undefined
// Or depth selectable chain
console.log(; // undefined

You can also use the following functions to select chains:

const person = {
  firstName: 'front end',
  lastName: 'songshu',
  printName: function () {
    return `${this.firstName} ${this.lastName}`;
console.log(person.printName()); // 'front end songshu'
console.log(persone.doesNotExist?.()); // undefined

7. Use  !!  Operator

!!   Operators can be used to quickly convert the result of an expression to a Boolean value (true or false):

const greeting = 'Hello there!';
console.log(!!greeting) // true

const noGreeting = '';
console.log(!!noGreeting); // false

8. String and integer conversion

use  +  Operator to quickly convert a string to a number:

const stringNumer = '123';

console.log(+stringNumer); //123
console.log(typeof +stringNumer); //'number'

To quickly convert numbers to strings, you can also use  +  Operator followed by an empty string:

const myString = 25 + '';

console.log(myString); //'25'
console.log(typeof myString); //'string'

These type conversions are very convenient, but their clarity and code readability are poor. Therefore, the actual development needs to be carefully selected and used.

9. Check for false values in the array

Everyone should have used array methods: filter, some and every. These methods can be combined   Boolean   Method to test true and false values.

const myArray = [null, false, 'Hello', undefined, 0];

// Filter virtual values
const filtered = myArray.filter(Boolean);
console.log(filtered); // ['Hello']

// Check that at least one value is true
const anyTruthy = myArray.some(Boolean);
console.log(anyTruthy); // true

// Check that all values are true
const allTruthy = myArray.every(Boolean);
console.log(allTruthy); // false

Here is how it works. We know that these array methods accept a callback function, so we pass   Boolean   As a callback function. Boolean   The function itself takes a parameter and returns it according to the authenticity of the parameter   true   or   false. So:

myArray.filter(val => Boolean(val));

Equivalent to:


10. Flatten array

There is a method on the prototype Array   flat, you can make a single Array from the Array of an Array.

const myArray = [{ id: 1 }, [{ id: 2 }], [{ id: 3 }]];

const flattedArray = myArray.flat(); 
//[ { id: 1 }, { id: 2 }, { id: 3 } ]

You can also define a depth level to specify the depth at which a nested array structure should be flattened. For example:

const arr = [0, 1, 2, [[[3, 4]]]];
console.log(arr.flat(2)); // returns [0, 1, 2, [3,4]]


Most developers use   Object.keys   Method to iterate over the object. This method returns only an array of object keys, not values. We can use   Object.entries   To get keys and values.

const person = {
  name: 'songshu',
  age: 20

Object.keys(person); // ['name', 'age']
Object.entries(data); // [['name', 'songshu'], ['age', 20]]

To iterate over an object, we can do the following:

Object.keys(person).forEach((key) => {
  console.log(`${key} is ${person[key]}`);

// Use entries to get keys and values
Object.entries(person).forEach(([key, value]) => {
  console.log(`${key} is ${value}`);

// name is songshu
// age is 20 

Both methods return the same result, but   Object.entries   Getting key value pairs is easier.

12.replaceAll method

In JS, to replace all existing strings with another string, we need to use the regular expression as follows:

const str = 'Red-Green-Blue';

// Only the first time
str.replace('-', ' '); // Red Green-Blue

// Replace all matches with RegEx
str.replace(/\-/g, ' '); // Red Green Blue

However, in ES 12, one named   replaceAll   A new method is added to   String.prototype   It replaces all occurrences of a string with another string value.

str.replaceAll('-', ' '); // Red Green Blue

13. Number separator

You can use underscores as number separators, which makes it easy to count the number of zeros in a number.

// Difficult to read
const billion = 1000000000;

// Easy to read
const readableBillion = 1000_000_000;

console.log(readableBillion) //1000000000

The underscore separator can also be used for BigInt numbers, as shown in the following example

const trillion = 1000_000_000_000n;

console.log(trillion); // 1000000000000


Related to JavaScript on the front end, design patterns allow you to edit anything on the page. Just open the browser console and enter the following.

document.designMode = 'on';

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15. Logical assignment operator

The logical assignment operator is composed of the logical operators & &, |?? And assignment operator =.

const a = 1;
const b = 2;

a &&= b;
console.log(a); // 2

// The above is equivalent to
a && (a = b);

// perhaps
if (a) {
  a = b

Check whether the value of a is true. If true, update the value of A. Use logical or  || Operators can do the same thing.

const a = null;
const b = 3;

a ||= b;
console.log(a); // 3

// The above is equivalent to
a || (a = b);

Use null merge operators  ??:

const a = null;
const b = 3;

a ??= b;
console.log(a); // 3

// The above is equivalent to
if (a === null || a === undefined) {
  a = b;

Note:?? Operators check only   null   or   undefined   Value of.

Topics: Javascript html