nginx installation and building lnmp and Forum

Posted by mechamecha on Wed, 09 Feb 2022 23:00:09 +0100

nginx installation and operation control

Compile and install nginx

Install support software

The configuration and operation of nginx need the support of pcre, zlib and other software packages
Install pcre and zlib
You need to mount the Centos image during installation. Clear the yum source

[root@centos ~]# yum -y install pcre-devel zlib-devel

Create and run users and groups

Create a user and group dedicated to managing nginx

[root@centos ~]# useradd -M -s /sbin/nologin nginx

After installation
Switch Linux image disc

Unzip the nginx file

[root@centos ~]# tar zxvf /mnt/nginx-1.6.0.tar.gz –C /usr/src   	// Unzip it to the / usr / SRC directory

After decompression, we compile

Configure nginx

cd /usr/src/nginx-1.6.0/		//Cut into the directory
[root@centos nginx-1.6.0]#./configure --prefix=/usr/local/nginx --user=nginx --with-http_stub_status_module 		// Configuration module
[root@centos nginx-1.6.0]# make && make install 		// Compile and install

Optimization command

[root@centos ~]# ln -s /usr/local/nginx/sbin/* /usr/local/sbin/

(after optimization, try the nginx shortcut)

nginx service control

start-up nginx
[root@centos ~]# nginx		
[root@centos ~]# netstat -anptu | grep nginx		

Restart nginx: Kill - s HUP nginx, kill - S 1 nginx
Close nginx: Kill - s quit nginx, kill - S 3 nginx

View nginx master profile

[root@centos ~]# cat /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf

Common configuration options for master profile
1) Global profile
Effective for the entire nginx
Virtual host profile
3) Performance optimization
worker_processes 1; // Number of processes, determined by CPU
events {
worker_connections 1024; // One process corresponds to 1024 link requests
use epoll; // Use the epoll model to the corresponding client request
user nobody; // Default management account nobody

Configure domain name based virtual host

Create page root

[root@centos ~]# mkdir -p /www/benetcom 		// Create benet directory
[root@centos ~]# mkdir -p /www/accpcom 			// Create accp directory
[root@centos ~]# echo "" > /www/benetcom/index.html
[root@centos ~]# echo "" > /www/accpcom/index.html

Modify nginx master configuration file

[root@centos ~]# vim /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
 Then we delete some unused comment lines
38    server {													//First virtual host
 39         listen 80;											//Listening port
 40         server_name;							//domain name
 41         charset utf-8;										//Character encoding
 42         access_log  logs/;			//Success log
 43         location / {										//Site root
 44                 root /www/benetcom/;						//Site root location
 45                 index index.html;							//Website home page
 46   }
 47 }
 49    server {
 50         listen 80;
 51         server_name;
 52         charset utf-8;
 53         access_log  logs/;
 54         location / {
 55                 root /www/accpcom/;
 56                 index index.html;
 57   }
 58 }

Check the master profile for errors

nginx -t

We set up dns for testing

Installation services
yum -y install bind bind-utils bind-chroot
 Set the startup and self startup
systemctl enable named
 set up dns Master profile
options {
 listen-on port 53 { any; };
 directory "/var/named/";
zone "" IN {
 type master;
 file "";
zone "" IN {
 type master;
 file "";
Then configure two forward parsing files
 One benet One accp Forward parsing file for

Test the web page after configuration

Test web page

Build lnmp platform

Install MySQL first
Mount Linux image
After installation
Installing cmake dependencies

[root@centos ~]# yum -y install cmake

Create MySQL group
Please see the link below for the installation process

Install php

[root@centos ~]# yum -y install gd libxml2-devel.x86_64 libjpeg-turbo-devel.x86_64 libpng-devel.x86_64

Configure php

Switch Linux CD

[root@centos ~]# umount /mnt/
umount: /mnt/: unmounted 
[root@centos ~]# mount /dev/cdrom /mnt/
mount: /dev/sr0 Write protected, will mount as read-only

Installation and configuration of php

[root@centos ~]# yum -y install gd libxml2-devel libjpeg-devel libpng-devel
[root@centos php-5.3.28]# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php --with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql/ 
--with-mysqli=/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_config --with-config-file-path=/use/local/php  
--enable-mbstring --enable-fpm --with-gd --with-zlib --with-jpeg-dir=/usr/lib/
[root@centos php-5.3.28]# make && make install

Generate php master configuration file

[root@centos php-5.3.28]# cp php.ini-production /usr/local/php/php.ini

Optimize php commands

[root@centos php-5.3.28]# ln -s /usr/local/php/bin/* /usr/local/bin/
[root@centos php-5.3.28]# php
php         php-config  phpize
[root@centos php-5.3.28]# cd
[root@centos ~]# ln -s /usr/local/php/sbin/* /usr/local/sbin/

Configure zend acceleration

[root@centos ~]# tar zxvf /mnt/ZendGuardLoader-php-5.3-linux-glibc23-x86_64.tar.gz -C /usr/src/
[root@centos ~]# cd /usr/src/ZendGuardLoader-php-5.3-linux-glibc23-x86_64/php-5.3.x/
[root@centos php-5.3.x]# ls
[root@centos php-5.3.x]# cp /usr/local//php/lib/php/
[root@centos ~]# vim /usr/local/php/php.ini 

Configure php FPM to parse php dynamic language

[root@centos ~]# cp /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf.default /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf
[root@centos ~]# vim /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf
user = nginx
group = nginx


[root@centos ~]# php-fpm 
[root@centos ~]# netstat -anptu | grep 9000
tcp        0      0*               LISTEN      125202/php-fpm: mas

Modify nginx main configuration file link php to work together

[root@centos ~]# vim /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
		 38    server {
		 39         listen 80;
		 40         server_name;
		 41         charset utf-8;
		 42         access_log  logs/;
		 43         location / {
		 44                 root /www/benetcom/;
		 45                 index index.html index.php;
		 46   }         
		 47         location ~ \.php$ {
		 48             root           /www/benetcom;
		 49             fastcgi_pass;
		 50             fastcgi_index  index.php;
		 51             include        fastcgi.conf;
		 52         }
		 53 } 
		 55    server {
		 56         listen 80;
		 57         server_name;
		 58         charset utf-8;
		 59         access_log  logs/;
		 60         location / {
		 61                 root /www/accpcom/;
		 62                 index index.html index.php;
		 63   }         
		 65         location ~ \.php$ {
		 66             root           /www/accpcom;
		 67             fastcgi_pass;
		 68             fastcgi_index  index.php;
		 69             include        fastcgi.conf;
		 70         }
		 71 }

Check master profile

[root@centos ~]# nginx -t

Set php test page

[root@centos ~]# vim /www/benetcom/index.php

start nginx

[root@centos ~]# killall nginx
[root@centos ~]# nginx


#Deployment Forum

Unzip the forum configuration file

[root@centos ~]# unzip

Cut the project file to the root directory of the web site

[root@centos ~]# rm -rf /www/benetcom/* 		// Clear all under the website
[root@centos ~]# mv upload/* /www/benetcom/ 		// Cut to website

Set directory owner and permissions

[root@centos ~]# chown -R nginx:nginx /www/benetcom/
[root@centos ~]# chmod -R 755 /www/benetcom/

Create the database file used by the forum project

[root@centos ~]# mysql -uroot -ppwd@123
		mysql> create database bbs;
		mysql> grant all on bbs.* to 'bbs'@'localhost' identified by 'pwd@123';


Topics: Web Development Linux MySQL Nginx yum